The history of unity in diversity of coins of Ahom kingdom

মূল প্ৰৱন্ধ—আহোম যুগৰ মুদ্ৰাত সমন্বয়ৰ ইতিহাস
লেখক- চাও ইন্দ্ৰ গগৈ
অনুবাদ— চাও হীৰক গগৈ, লক্ষীমপুৰ
The Ahom era means the history of Assam for six hundred years of long period.From 1230 A.D till 1840 A.D every circumstances like victory-defeat,avenging's,war,alliances,gatherings and distribution etc.Continuously all of these were faced by the Ahom's in Assam.This was a experience of long and colourful history.This era was taken as a era to be remembered by the Assamese culture.After entering in Assam the Tai Ahom's united diferent kingdoms of the Chutiyas,Borahi,Moran,kachari etc to a new and a large kingdom namely "Assam".They also united all the different typed of tribes living their and named them as "Assamese"(akhomiya).By naming so the tai Ahom's created a new race.So as it follows the country that was formed in the reign of Ahom's namely "Assam" was a diverse country as wel as the race that was named "Assamese"(akhomiya) and Assamese culture means a diversed culture as accepted by all.
According to history ahom's era rule was mostly strict and completely self-dependant.Till king/sorgodeu Suhungmung Dihingia the process of business was runs in a process called barter system.L ater the Ahom coins were introduced. Ahom king coins were of eight corners.As said by Hrakanta Boruah about the coins we get to know that the coins were of eight corners even Dr. leela gogoi explains in many books that the reason behind the eight corners was that it indicates the eight small kingdoms-chutiyas,kachari,borahi,komota,bhuyan,patiljoha,aadherhenduri and sungi(moran).
Ahom kings take it as a sign of unification from Dihingia king(1497-1539)the coins were prepared as a sign of unity. But Sorgodeu Rudra Singho (1696-1714) the coins were of gold,silver,bronze etc.on the other hand Sorgodeu Shiv Singho also introduced coins that were valued of 1/8(one eighth of a tolah) and an old silver coin of one anna value and king gouri nath singho invented teenirotia(an assamese silver coin of the value of two pieces).Sorgodeu Shiv Singho introduced the gold coins.Before him the coins were prepared in the name of the other king.
At first ahom king coins were printed by the Ahom script after that it was printed by the devnagiri script and later at assamese script.
The coins were encoded by the name of kings and the god of special choice whom they worshipped.Sorgodeu Dihingia imprinted Fura-tara i.e the god in the coins. Other kings encoded the lord shiva,ram,hari gouri etc.maximum coins were imprinted by the name of lord shiva. Same weighted Gold or silver values were the same with the coins. The golds and silver were formed in the shape of a Batulguti(a round shape item prepared from mud).The chief maker of coins was Hunadhar Baruah. The Ahom coins decided Assam's History,religion-culture and also the mutual connection. As written by the Gait's history Ahom coins were of 1 tolah weighted and 1 tolah equals to 96 nights and 1 ounce 2/5 part. The coins were round but before that it was of eight corners that symbolised the united Assam,of eight different kingdoms.
The most oldest coin of Ahoms was of 1543 A.D made by the Suklengmung Gorgaya king at the fourth year of his rule. After that till 100years nobody introduced the coins. Again when the coins were prepared they were imprinted by the kings name. Sorgodeu Rudra Singho prepared coins in a step by step manner i.e of 48 and 24 nights coins. On the other hand king Gourinath singho prepared 3 nights coins. Sorgodeu Shiv Singh made coins of gold .
Sorgodeu Suklengmung imprinted the coins with ahom script. Joydhwaj singho and Chakradhwaj Singho imprinted coins with sanskrit script that was of assamese script. After that three other kings imprinted coins with ahom script even Sorgodeu Rudra Singho imprinted coins with sanskrit language Sorgodeu Promotto Singho and Sorgodeu Rajeshwar singho's story was imprinted by the ahom language but later it was imprinted by tge sanskrit language. In the time of Sorgodeu Shiv Singho and Sorgodeu Laxmi singho 1729 A.D and 1752 A.D respectively. Imprinted language was Ahoms script as said by all the history books. On the other hand 1770 Sorgodeu Laxmi singho published coins with sanskrit language.
The story of the coins written in Ahom and Sanskrit were the same .(Description:one side of the coins were printed by the name of the king and the datr and in the other side the deity that is worshipped by the king)Generally the coins that were imprinted with ahom script mentioned the god indra and the coins that were imprinted with Sanskrit script mentioned the name of the god lord shiva(some were imprinted with both lord shiva and sati parvati) but vaishnav era's ruler bharat and sorbananda imprinted by the name of radha and krishna.
Accordingly the Ahom coins were not prepared with bronze as stated in the history. Coins decide different periods history. The coins also take the history of Ahom's tradition-culture,language and religion and also tell the story of how they get in touch with the Bharata's arya society and arya culture and as the time passed away it created a modern assam and formed a large assamese community. As a proof we can take the coins which tell us a lot about it. As well as it defines that how Ahom reign helps in forming the assamese culture.The Ahom king take every caste,every community and every tribes as one of their own So later they can unite all the kingdoms of Assam as a one country.Hence,it created a religious and a communal amity among every body.