The importance of the knowledge of Tai Ahom History ණ Chatthip nartsupha ( Thai schoolers) Ranno wichason ( Thai Schoolers)

At present there are about 2 million Ahom people. They are the largest group of population in the Upper Assam region of India, which in total has approximately 7 million people. The Tai Ahom people migrated from Muang Mao north of the Shan state in the 13th century. They crossed over the Patkai mountain range to settle in the Brahmnaputra river valley. A study of this group of people is important in at least three ways:
1. This group of Tai people did not have much contact with other Tai groups over a long period. Therefore their historical documents reflect many archaic elements of the Tai tribe, which have been lost or obscured among other Tai groups. They belong to a Tai society and culture which does not have Buddhism. They retain beliefs in natural and ancestral spirits. Their class
division depends much on ethnicity. A study of this group of Tai people will help us to search for the original roots of Tai society and culture.
2. This group of Tai people was able to establish a large kingdom. They created a state of which the Tai tribe was the ruler. At one time their kingdom had an area approximately half of the present-day Thailand. The kingdom was independent for 600 years from the 13' to the 19' century. This Ahom kingdom was the largest Tai kingdom besides Ayutthaya. As the kingdom was in existence for a long time, it because the depository of a highly developed culture in the forms of manuscripts, buildings, rituals and customs. The Ahom were different from other Tai groups which had attained only the level of development of principalities. The Ahom people had their own writing and they liked to record their history. Their chronicles are mines of knowledge of ancient Tai society and culture.
3. At present the Ahom and other Tai tribes in Assam are very active in the study of Tai history and language. The government of Assam has a policy to teach the Tai language. A budget has been allocated to hire 200 Tai language teachers for elementary schools in Upper Assam. The revival of the Tai language, both spoken and written, and the promotion of Tai culture has been going on forcefully in the Upper Assam area. The spearhead of this movement is the 'Eastern Tai Literary Association' (Ban Ok Pup Lik Muang Tai). The Association arranges cultural meetings, researches and publishes books. Its aim is to establish the Upper Assam area as an Ahom state, separate from Assam, within the federation of India. Research on Tai history and culture in Assam has significance beyond its academic role. It contributes to the foundations of a new Tai nation in India on an age-old heritage.